Maurice Ravel’s Jeux d’eau is often translated as “Fountains”, “Water Games”, or “Playing water.” It was first performed in 1902.  Ravel explained its origins in this way: “Jeux d’eau, appearing in 1901, is at the origin of the pianistic novelties which one would notice in my work. This piece, inspired by the noise of water and by the musical sounds which make one hear the sprays of water, the cascades, and the brooks, is based on two motives [musical themes] in the manner of the movement of a sonata—without, however, subjecting itself to the classical tonal plan.”  Written on Ravel’s manuscript, and often included on published editions, are the words, in French, “River god laughing as the water tickles him.”